Mount Zion Jerusalem called in Hebrew Har Tziyon is a hill outside the walls of Old Jerusalem. In a wider term the name Zion is also used for the whole land of Israel.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
Events that likely took place on Mt Zion
In the Cenacle took place “The Last Supper of Jesus and his Disciples”, and “The coming of the Holy Spirit on the Disciples
The appearance of Jesus before the high priest Caiaphas, believed to have been at the site of the Church of St Peter in Gallicantu.
The “Falling Asleep” of the Virgin Mary, believed to happen at the site of the Church of the Dormition.
Also, on the site of the Cenacle, around the year AD 50, the Council of Jerusalem, in which the early Church debated the status of converted gentiles.
View of Mount Zion Jerusalem
Different names during different times
In the Old Testament period, Zion was the eastern fortress that King David captured from the Jebusites and named the City of David.
A psalmist described Mount Zion as God’s “holy mountain, beautiful in elevation, the joy of all the earth”.
“Those who trust in the Lord are like Mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but abides forever”.
Tomb of David located in Mount Zion
The Old Testament records that King David was buried in the city of David, which was on the original Mount Zion.
Because the name of Mount Zion had moved to its present location, as described above, Christian pilgrims in the 10th century believed that David’s burial place was there too.
But, the Crusaders are those who built the present Memorial on Mount Zion, called the Tomb of David.
Gradually this memorial came to be accepted as David’s tomb, first by the Jews and later also by Muslims.
Map of Mount Zion in the Old City of Jerusalem
Respected by Jews, Christians and Muslims
The respect with which Muslims held King David is illustrated by a legend relating to the reconstruction of Jerusalem’s walls by the Turkish conqueror Sulieman the Magnificent in the mid-16th century.
As the story goes, the sultan was furious when he discovered that the new walls did not encompass Mount Zion, leaving the Tomb of David unprotected.
Another place of interest on Mount Zion is the grave of Oskar Schindler, a German industrialist who saved nearly 1200 Jews in the Holocaust and has been declared a Righteous Gentile. The grave is in the Catholic cemetery near Zion Gate.
images for mount zion
mt zion by kyle taylor
tomb of david by berthold werner
cenacle by holy land
last supper by joyofmuseums
all courtesy of wikimedia commons
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