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Makhtesh Ramon
Amazing Ramon Crater


The Makhtesh Ramon in English Ramon Crater is the world’s largest erosion crater. It is located in the middle of the Negev Desert, at the peak of Mount Negev, some 85 km south of the city of Beer sheva It is the world’s largest erosion created 220 million years ago, when oceans covered the area.




Makhtesh Ramon a unique landform

Makhtesh Ramon a unique landform


It measures 40 km in length by 2 to 10 km in width, shaped like a long heart forming Israel’s largest natural park, the Ramon Nature Reserve.

Visiting the Ramon Crater can by as top on the journey through the Negev to witness the crater from above; or a longer visit to the area, to hike, drive or cycle through the makhtesh and appreciate the unique formations and flora and fauna that live here.




The town of Mitzpe Ramon at the top of the Crater

The town of Mitzpe Ramon at the top of the Crater



Visitors Center

The only settlement in the area is the small town of Mitzpe Ramon, located on the northern edge of the depression. This is where the visitors center is located. It is actual gate to the Ramon Crater.

As the visitor ascends the ramp to the building, there are special floor to ceiling windows to look out to this natural marvel, with breathtaking views.

A film explains how the makhtesh was formed and a 3D interactive model helps bring home an understanding of the topography of this unique region. The visitors center personnel are able to provide information on trails and conditions within the makhtesh.


Makhtesh Ramon

Ardon Creek is one of the formations on the Ramon Crater

Ardon Creek is one of the formations on the Ramon Crater



Geology of Makhtesh Ramon

Impressive mountains rise at the edge of the crater with red brown and yellow colors and forms:

  • Har Ramon (Mt Ramon) at the southern end
  • Har Ardon (Mt Ardon) at the north-eastern end
  • Har Marpek (Mt Marpek - "Elbow"
  • Har Katum (Mt. Katum - "Cropped"
  • Giv'at Ga'ash, a black hill in the north of the makhtesh was once an active volcano which erupted thousands of years ago.
  • Karnei Ramon.
  • Shen Ramon (Ramon's Tooth) is a rock made of magma which hardened whilst underground.
  • HaMinsara (The Carpentry Shop), a low hill made up of columnar jointed sandstone
  • Nahal Ardon in the east of the makhtesh contains several vertical dikes.



Wildlife in Ramon Crater

Wildlife in Ramon Crater


Bio Ramon is run by the Parks Authority, offering an amazing peek at the rare creatures that inhabit the Makhtesh. Bio Ramon has some 40 species of small desert creatures, as well as rodents, snakes, lizards, porcupines, turtles and scorpions. Guided tours are offered to all visitors. Its botanical-ecological garden presents six characteristic habitats including typical plants, landscapes and rock formations.

The Asian wild ass has been reintroduced to Makhtesh Ramon. In 1995 the population had increased to 40 adults in the area. The animals are hybrids of two different subspecies of the Asian Wild Ass. Mammals of the area include Nubian ibexes, Dorcas gazelles, striped hyenas and few Arabian leopards.


Be’erot Campground inside Makhtesh Ramon

Be’erot Campground inside Makhtesh Ramon


For those wishing to take their visit to an extra level, it is located in one of the most beautiful trails of makhtesh Ramon. Visitors may sleep either beneath the stars or in Bedouin hospitality tents, that include coffee, tea, pita bread as well as overnight stays.


Beresheet Hotel overlooking the Ramon Crater

Beresheet Hotel overlooking the Ramon Crater


The combination of breath-taking desert scenery together with the unique architecture and top-quality service makes one of the most extraordinary hotels in Israel.

Beresheet is one of the most successful hotels in Israel and it enjoys a large number of returning guests. Both Israelis in tourists come back to this amazing hotel every year. Beresheet guarantees an unforgettable hospitality experience, great service, a gourmet restaurant, a luxury spa, elegant and comfortable rooms and of course, the second to none desert view.

 

Map of Makhtesh Ramon

Map of Makhtesh Ramon 



For more information visit Israel Tourism Official Website



images for makhtesh ramon

Ramon by orhat
ardon by ekeidar
wildlife by dudi Holtzman
mitzpe by Wilson 44691
beerot by mboesch
beresheet by duard marmet
map by wikipedia

All courtesy of Wikimedia commons



From Maktesh Ramon go to Negev Desert
Go to Israel Nature Reserves

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