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Israel Facts
Something to think about

Here are some Israel facts or as I like to call it the Identity card of my country Israel, which is located in the Middle East. The area is the crossroads between Europe, Africa and Asia.

The whole area is also known as the Land of Israel or the Holy Land.




Map of the Middle East showing tiny Israel

Map of the Middle East showing tiny Israel


Some Israel Facts

  • Official Name: The State of Israel
  • Form of Rule: Parliamentary Democracy
  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Area: 22,072 square kilometers
  • Population 8.547 million persons
  • Distribution by Religion:  74.8% Jews, 20.8% Muslim, 1.6% Christian and 1.6% Druze, 0.40% non-Arab Christians and 3.9% unclassified by religion. 
  • Official Languages: Hebrew, Arabic
  • Israel Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)
  • GDP per Person: $37,292 (calculated according to purchasing power)
  • Quality of Life Classification: 11th place in world
  • International Dialing Code: 972
  • Internet Suffix: il




State Emblems


Israeli Flag

The flag of Israel is composed of two blue stripes against a white background, with a Magen David, blue Shield of David or hexagram between them.


Israel’s National Anthem

The national anthem of the State of Israel is Hatikvah in English the Hope. The lyrics were written by the poet, Naphtali Herz Imber (1856–1909), and the melody is a Romanian folk song.

Hatikvah was chosen as the Zionist movement’s anthem and, upon the establishment of the State of Israel, was accepted as the national anthem. However, the song was only officially recognized by the Knesset as Israel’s national anthem in 2004.



Israel Facts

The symbol of the State the Menorah standing outside the Knesset

The symbol of the State the Menorah standing outside the Knesset


The Menorah, Emblem of the State

The emblem of the State of Israel is the seven branched menorah or candelabrum with olive branches at both sides, and with the name Israel appearing beneath. The source of the Menorah is an engraving on the Arch of Titus in Rome, depicting the victory march of the Roman commander Titus after he crushed the Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans and destroyed the Temple in 70 CE.

The source of the olive branches is a prophecy of the prophet Zechariah. The candelabrum of the Temple in Jerusalem engraved on the Arch of Titus symbolizes not only the illustrious past of the people of Israel, but also its defeat and the beginning of its exile. So, the choice of this specific candelabrum not only linked the new state to its illustrious past, it also brought the Menorah back from its long exile, thus indirectly symbolizing the end of the Diaspora.


israel Facts

The Knesset of Israeli Parliament in Jerusalem

The Knesset or Israeli Parliament in Jerusalem


Form of Rule in Israel

Legislative

The State of Israel is a parliamentary democracy, headed by the president, whose role is essentially symbolic and representative. The country is, in fact, managed by three authorities: the legislative authority, the Israeli Parliament or the Knesset, the executive authority, the government, and the judiciary authority.

Executive

The executive authority in Israel is the government. It is responsible for executing the laws enacted by the Knesset and for the proper governance of the State. Since the establishment of the state, no single party has enjoyed an absolute majority in the Knesset. Therefore, all of Israel’s governments have always been coalition governments.

Judicial

The third authority in Israel is the judiciary, which is responsible for maintaining law in the state. At the head of the legal system stands the Supreme Court. It hears appeals against judgments of the lower courts, and also sits as a High Court of Justice for petitions submitted by civilians against the State authorities.

Climate

Israel is today a developed country in a sector of the world with a much diversified climate. Since the country is long from north to south, you may see snow covered mountains on the north, especially Mt Hermon on the Golan Heights; and after driving a few hours you encounter the dry wilderness of the Negev Desert and much warmer weather.


israel Facts

Lake Kineret is the only fresh water lake in Israel

Lake Kineret is the only fresh water lake in Israel


Mind Boggling Facts on Israel

  • Israel is only 1/6 of 1% of the landmass of the Middle East.
  • Israel is roughly half the size of Lake Michigan.
  • The Sea of Galilee, at 212 meters. below sea level, is the lowest freshwater lake in the world.
  • The Dead Sea is the lowest surface point on earth, at about 410 meters below sea level.
  • Israel is the only nation in the world that entered the 21st century with a net gain in its number of trees.
  • Jericho is the oldest continuously inhabited town in the world.
  • The Mt of Olives in Jerusalem is the oldest, continually used cemetery in the world.


israel Facts

Map showing our sized compared with the USA

Map showing our sized compared with the USA


Israel Demographics

  • Israel population is half the size of Metro New York City.
  • Israel has only 2% of the population of the Middle East.
  • Israel has the highest ratio of university degrees per capita in the world.
  • Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any other nation in the world - by a large margin.
  • Israel has the highest number of scientists and technicians per capita in the world - by a large margin.
  • Israel has the highest number of engineers per capita in the world.
  • Israel has the highest number of PhD's per capita in the world.
  • Israel has the highest number of physicians per capita in the world.
  • Israel has the largest percentage of its workforce employed in technical professions in the world.
  • Israel is the largest immigrant-absorbing nation in the world, per capita.
  • Israel is the only country in the Middle East where the Christian population has grown over the last 50 years.
  • Israel is the only country in the Middle East where Christians, Muslims and Jews are all free to vote.
  • Israel is the only country in the Middle East where women enjoy full political rights.

Israel Culture

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The F-35 is called Adir in Hebrew meaning Awesome

The F-35 is called Adir in Hebrew meaning Awesome


Military/Security

  • Israel owns four F-35 aircrafts and an open order for another 20
  • Israel has the largest fleet of F-16 aircraft outside of the US.
  • Israel has the world's most impenetrable airline security.
  • Israel spends more money per capita on its own protection than any country in the world.


israel Facts

Using High Technology the Israeli cows are the most productive in the world

Using High Technology the Israeli cows are the most productive in the world


Other

  • Israel's dairy cows are the most productive dairy cows in the world. 
  • They average 25,432 pounds of milk per cow per year, compared to just 18,747 pounds from American cows; 17,085 from Canadian cows; 13,778 from European Union cows; 10,207 from Australian cows; and 6,600 from Chinese cows.
  • Israel has more in-vitro fertilization per capita than anywhere in the world, and it's free.
  • Israelis, per capita, are the world's biggest consumers of fruits and vegetables.

Now you know some facts about Israel. Please come see our miracle by yourself.


For more information visit Israel Tourism Website


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