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Birth of Israel
The State of Israel is Born

The Birth of Israel was on May 14, 1948. The Palestinian Jews finally declared their own State of Israel and became "Israelis."  But the happiness did not endure, on the next day seven neighboring Arab countries declared war on the newly established Israel.

They also encouraged the Arab residents to leave to make the destruction of the Jewish State easier for them. They also promised them upon their return they will be bi given all the properties of the “fleeing” Jews. Needless to say that there was no “Destruction of the Jews” and the war ended in about 19 months. Israel survived after an immense loss of its population in what is called the War of Independence or Milchemet Hashichrur.




Jews from the Arab countries arriving in huge numbers to Israel

Jews from the Arab countries arriving in huge numbers to Israel




After the war of Independence

When the war ended Israel was left with a country almost the size of the one proposed by the United Nations two years before. The Gaza Strip was in Egyptians hands and the West Bank of the Jordan River together with East Jerusalem including the Old City Jerusalem in the hands of Trans Jordan. Later the territories were absorbed fully into the country that changed its name to Jordan.


Birth of Israel

Maps of before and after the 1967 Six Day War

Maps of before and after the 1967 Six Day War


War after war

  • 1956 – Sinai Campaign against Nasser of Egypt with the help of France and Britain.

  • 1967 – Six Day War. I participated in this war and will tell you my story.

  • 1968 – 1970 -  Egypt’s War of attrition against Israel

  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War

  • 1982 – Operation Peace for the Galilee (Shlom Hagalil) against the PLO in Lebanon

  • 2006 – War with Hezbollah in Lebanon


 

Historic visit of Anwar Sadat to Israel in 1977

Historic visit of Anwar Sadat to Israel in 1977


Very good things happened

While the Arabs kept trying to destroy Israel, many great things happened to our country:

  • 1948- 1952 – Mass immigration from Arab countries and Post-War Europe.

  • 1964 – The National Water carrier (Hamobil Haartzi) was completed bring water from the Sea of Galilee to the center and south of the country.

  • 1977 – 1978 – Historic visit of Anwar Sadat, president of Egypt, to Jerusalem and signing of the first Peace treaty with any Arab country, the Israel – Egypt Peace Treaty.

  • 1981 – Israel Air Force destroys the Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it became operative.

  • 1985 – Free trade agreement signed between the United States and Israel

  • 1989 – After the fall of the Iron Curtain begins a mass immigration of Jews from the former Soviet Union countries.


Ethiopian Jews arriving in masses to Israel

Ethiopian Jews arriving in masses to Israel


  • 1991 – Operation Solomon brings thousands of Black Jews from Ethiopia.

  • 1993 – History beginning of negotiations with the Palestinians in Oslo. Nobel Prize awarded to Rabin Peres and Arafat.

  • 1994 – Peace treaty is signed with Jordan by Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein.

  • 1998 – Israel celebrates its 50th Anniversary of its Independence.

  • 2005 – Israel’s unilateral evacuation of the Gaza Strip.

This has been a brief summary of the events since the birth of Israel. Always surrounded by enemies, always handing the olive branch of peace and at the same time developing to become one of the best developed countries in the world and still the only Democracy in the Middle East.


For more information visit US Office of the Historian Website


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