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Beit Alfa
National Park


Beit Alfa is a 6th century synagogue located on the northern slopes of Mount Gilboa near the city of Beit Shean. It is today the Beit Alfa National Park.

The synagogue was uncovered in 1928 by members of the nearby Kibbutz Hephzibah while doing their job of irrigation construction. Excavations started immediately in 1929 under the auspices of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem lead by Israel archaeologist Eleazar Sukenik.

Then in 1962 another set of excavations started sponsored by Israel Antiquities Authority.




Mosaic Floor on the Beit Alfa Synagogue

Mosaic Floor on the Beit Alfa Synagogue


The Ancient Synagogue of Beit Alpha contains an almost intact mosaic floor from the 5th century.

The synagogue had two floors, being the second floor probably the women’s gallery.

The main prayer area had two rows of pillars on each side creating side aisles. Like all synagogues, it faced Jerusalem, being the Torah Ark on the south side of the building.




Model of the Beit Alfa Synagogue displayed on the 
Yeshiva University Museum

Model of the Beit Alfa Synagogue displayed on the
Yeshiva University Museum


The Mosaics

They form simple geometric plain formation at the entrance of the main hall. They are considered the best-preserved mosaics found in the Land of Israel, almost completely intact.

The mosaic in the hall is divided into sections. The pictures in the mosaic appear in rows, where the top is near the Torah Ark.


Beit Alfa

Mosaic inscriptions in the Beit Alfa Synagogue

Mosaic inscriptions in the Beit Alfa Synagogue


The bottom of the mosaic contains two inscriptions. The Greek inscription mentions the craftsmen, Marianos and his son Hanina. The Aramaic inscription states that the mosaic was done during the reign of Emperor Justin and the community members paid for the mosaic. On both sides of the inscriptions are a lion and bull.

Above the inscriptions, there is a picture of Akeidat Yitzhak, the binding of Isaac. Abraham is portrayed holding Isaac, and a ram and two servants with a donkey are behind Abraham.


Zodiac signs on the Beit Alfa Mosaics

Zodiac signs on the Beit Alfa Mosaics


In the central section you may see the Zodiac, that was widely used in synagogues and churches during the Byzantine period. The twelve signs form a circle and are shown in their Hebrew names, and Four Seasons in the corners.

In the final section may be seen a Torah Ark with a menorah on each side of it. Other traditional Jewish ritual objects also appear in this section, such as the shofar or ram’s horn.




For more information go to Israel Tourism Official Website



images for beit alfa

ricardo tulio gandelman
talmor yair
betty middler
yeshiva university
richard mcbee

all courtesy of wikimedia commons


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