The pioneer of Bauhaus Architecture was the architect Walter Gropius in 1919 and it spread around the world. There are a few main characteristics of the Bauhaus style like, favors functionality, uses asymmetry versus symmetry and chooses terms of space versus mass.
Tel Aviv is called the White City for this Innovative Architectural Style of the Twentieth Century. The buildings are usually cubic although some have round corners and balconies. They have simple facades and open floor plans. They were painted in light colors. This style is one of Tel Aviv Attractions.
Bauhaus Architecture can be seen all over Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv Israel was born in 1909
With the arrival of new European Immigrants to Israel, in the 1920’s, and especially to the new city of Tel Aviv Israel, then in its teens, the model of this style cached with the city that was emerging as a potential metropolitan city even then. Tel Aviv was an attraction and still is for young Israelis to come here spend a few years of leisure before settling down and starting a family.
This is the spirit of Tel Aviv today. This is a city that never sleeps, and keeps its young spirit despite any problem in the rest of the country. Believe me, there are always problems in security, economy, government, but Tel Aviv couldn’t care less and continues to vibrate like a small New York in the Middle East.
As a major world city it created a character of “Yuppie” and Free Style not seen anywhere else. It was a perfect soil for the development of this kind of Free and Modern Architecture.
Echal Yehuda Synagogue in Tel Aviv an example of this style
Designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site
Tel Aviv is home to almost 5,000 Bauhaus style buildings. This is the largest concentration of this style of buildings in the world. It was declared a “World Heritage Site’ by UNESCO and started to be known as the “White City”.
This designation by UNESCO, added the White City to the prestigious list of 830 sites throughout the world deemed to be of outstanding value to universal human culture, such as the Taj Mahal in India and the Pyramids in Egypt.
The Bauhaus Architecture flourished in Tel Aviv during the 1920’s and 30’s and many of the buildings have been beautifully reconstructed and painted with the original colors of white, off whites and pastels.
If you stroll through Rothschild Boulevard you may see some of the impressive structures which host today many businesses like investment banks, tourism and other industries. Continue walking through Lilenblum and Ahad Haam streets and you’ll be amazed by the old structures, now remodeled to their old days look.
Some other streets to watch for this style are Balfour, Mazeh, Nachmani, Yehuda Halevi and Hahashmonaim streets. Ben Yehuda Street near the new remodeled Old Port has a collection of Bauhaus buildings as well.
Bauhaus Center located at 77 Dizengoff Street, Tel Aviv
The Bauhaus Center is a mini-museum which shows how Tel Aviv in its unique ability to present Bauhaus architecture. The gallery shows documentary exhibitions on the architecture, culture and people of Tel Aviv.
There are tours conducted through the city featuring the prominent Bauhaus buildings. There are two hour tours that can be booked for groups or general tours available for all. A regular tour is held every Friday morning at 10:00 am, though you should call the center in advance to confirm your place. Self guided audio tours are also available. You can pick up an audio set and a Tel Aviv map at the center and tour at your own pace.
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2015 - 2019